Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge

Butterfly Checklist 

 

Texas Butterfly Checklists


Return to Texas Entomology - Compiled by Mike Quinn



Original data for this checklist compiled by Edward Knudson
Last updated by Mike Quinn on 06 March, 2011.

Although centered on Santa Ana, all records Valley-wide are listed here.



Not enough is yet known about the Lepidoptera of Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge to permit the inclusion of seasonal distribution, but in general butterflies tend to be more abundant in the late summer and fall. The relative abundance or rarity of species is indicated by the table given below.

A - Abundant (Occurring year round in large to very large numbers)
C - Common (Occurring most of the year in moderate to occasionally large numbers)
U - Uncommon (Seasonal, occurring in small to moderate numbers)
O - Occasional (Probably not present every year, but occasionally present in moderate numbers)
R - Rare (Not usually present, when found only in small numbers)
X - Accidental (Recorded only once or twice, probably as a stray)
H - Hypothetical (Not recorded from Santa Ana, but has been found in similar habitats nearby, or recorded as accidental from the tropics to the north of the area)



Scientific names follow:


Jonathan, P. 2008. A catalogue of the butterflies of the United States and Canada with a complete bibliography of the descriptive and systematic literature. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, vol. 40. xiv + 658. Revised 30 January, 2011


English names follow:


Cassie, B. et al, 2001. NABA Checklist & English Names of North American ButterfliesSecond Edition. 59 pp

Glassberg, J. 2005. Checklist and English Names of Mexican Butterflies: 1709 species


Recent name changes or new records are indicated in red.



For images of the following species, see this link: Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies




Swallowtails - Family Papilionidae

   Swallowtails Subfamily Papilioninae

__Pipevine Swallowtail

Battus philenor

C

__Polydamas Swallowtail

Battus polydamas

R

__Dark Kite-Swallowtail

Eurytides philolaus

H

__Red-sided Swallowtail Mimoides phaonX

__Black Swallowtail

Papilio polyxenes

U

__Thoas Swallowtail  

Papilio thoas

X

__Giant Swallowtail  

Papilio cresphontes

A

__Ornythion Swallowtail 

Papilio ornythion

R

__Broad-banded Swallowtail  

Papilio astyalus

R

__Eastern Tiger Swallowtail  Papilio glaucus H

__Three-tailed Swallowtail 

Papilio pilumnus

H

__Victorine Swallowtail 

Papilio victorinus

H

__Pink-spotted Swallowtail

Papilio rogeri

H

__Magnificent Swallowtail  

Papilio garamas

H

__Ruby-spotted Swallowtail  

Papilio anchisiades

R


Whites and Sulphurs - Family Pieridae

   Whites Subfamily Pierinae

__Mexican Dartwhite Catasticta nimbice H

__Florida White  

Glutophrissa drusilla

R

__Common MelwhiteMelete lycimniaH
__Painted White Pieriballia viardiH
__Cross-barred WhiteItaballia demophile H

__Mountain White

Leptophobia aripa

X

__Checkered White 

Pontia protodice

A

__Cabbage White 

Pieris rapae

R

__Great Southern White 

Ascia monuste

U

__Giant White  

Ganyra josephina

O

__Falcate Orangetip  

Anthocharis midea

O


   Sulphurs Subfamily Coliadinae

__Orange Sulphur 

Colias eurytheme

O

__Southern Dogface 

Zerene cesonia

C

__White Angled-Sulphur 

Anteos clorinde

O

__Yellow Angled-Sulphur 

Anteos maerula

O

__Cloudless Sulphur  

Phoebis sennae

A

__Orange-barred Sulphur 

Phoebis philea

O

__Apricot Sulphur 

Phoebis argante

H

__Large Orange Sulphur  

Phoebis agarithe

C

__Tailed Sulphur 

Phoebis neocypris

H

__Statira Sulphur 

Aphrissa statira

O

__Lyside Sulphur 

Kricogonia lyside

A

__Barred Yellow 

Eurema daira

R

__Boisduval's Yellow 

Eurema boisduvaliana

O

__Mexican Yellow 

Eurema mexicana

U

__Salome Yellow 

Eurema salome

X

__Ghost Yellow 

Eurema albula

H

__Tailed Orange 

Pyrisitia proterpia

O

__Little Yellow 

Pyrisitia lisa

C

__Mimosa Yellow 

Pyrisitia nise

U

__Dina Yellow 

Pyrisitia dina

X

__Sleepy Orange 

Abaeis nicippe

A

__Dainty Sulphur 

Nathalis iole

A


   Mimic-Whites Subfamily Dismorphiinae

__Costa-spotted Mimic-White 

Enantia albania

X


Gossamer-wing Butterflies - Family Lycaenidae


   Harvesters Subfamily Miletinae

__Harvester

Feniseca tarquinius

H


   Hairstreaks Subfamily Theclinae

__Mexican Cycadian 

Eumaeus toxea

H

__Great Purple Hairstreak 

Atlides halesus

O

__Xami Hairstreak  

Callophrys xami

R

__Goodson's Greenstreak 

Cyanophrys goodsoni

R

__Tropical Greenstreak 

Cyanophrys herodotus

X

__Clench's Greenstreak 

Cyanophrys miserabilis

R

__Gold-bordered Hairstreak  

Rekoa palegon

X

__Marius Hairstreak 

Rekoa marius

R

__Creamy Stripe-streak 

Arawacus jada

H

__Oak Hairstreak Satyrium favonius R

__Black Hairstreak  

Ocaria ocrisia

X

__Silver-banded hairstreak  

Chlorostrymon simaethis

O

__Telea Hairstreak  

Chlorostrymon telea

H

__Strophius Hairstreak

Allosmaitia strophius

R

__Ruddy Hairstreak 

Electrostrymon sangala

R

__Muted Hairstreak  

Electrostrymon joya

X

__Orange-crescent GroundstreakElectrostrymon guzantaH

__Dusky-blue Groundstreak  

Calycopis isobeon

C

__Gray Hairstreak 

Strymon melinus

A

__Red-crescent Scrub-Hairstreak

Strymon rufofusca

O

__White Scrub-Hairstreak 

Strymon albata

R

__Lacey's Scrub-Hairstreak  

Strymon alea

R

__Red-lined Scrub-Hairstreak  

Strymon bebrycia

R

__Yojoa Scrub-Hairstreak  

Strymon yojoa

O

__Tailless Scrub-Hairstreak 

Strymon cestri

X

__Mallow Scrub-Hairstreak 

Strymon istapa

C

__Bromeliad Scrub-HairstreakStrymon serapioH

__Lantana Scrub-Hairstreak  

Strymon bazochii

R

__Red-spotted Hairstreak  

Tmolus echion

X

__Clytie Ministreak 

Ministrymon clytie

U

__Gray Ministreak  

Ministrymon azia

R

__Pearly-gray Hairstreak  

Strephonota tephraeus

X

__Aquamarine Hairstreak 

Oenomaus ortygnus

X

__White M Hairstreak 

Parrhasius m-album

H


   Blues Tribe Polyommatini

__Cassius Blue 

Leptotes cassius

R

__Marine Blue 

Leptotes marina

O

__Cyna Blue 

Zizula cyna

R

__Western Pygmy-Blue 

Brephidium exilis

A

__Eastern Tailed-Blue 

Cupido comyntas

R

__Ceraunus Blue 

Hemiargus ceraunus

C

__Reakirt's Blue  

Echinargus isola

A


Metalmarks - Family Riodinidae

__Fatal Metalmark 

Calephelis nemesis

A

__Rounded Metalmark 

Calephelis perditalis

A

__Rawson's Metalmark 

Calephelis rawsoni

H

__Red-bordered Metalmark  

Caria ino

C

__Blue Metalmark  

Lasaia sula

R

__Red-bordered Pixie 

Melanis pixe

O

__Curve-winged Metalmark  

Emesis emesia

R

__Falcate Metalmark 

Emesis tenedia

H

__Walker's Metalmark  

Apodemia walkeri

R

__Narrow-winged Metalmark 

Apodemia multiplaga

X


Brush-footed Butterflies - Family Nymphalidae

   Snouts Subfamily Libytheinae

__American Snout 

Libytheana carinenta

A

__"Cuban" Snout

Libytheana motya

H

   Monarchs Subfamily Danainae

__Monarch 

Danaus plexippus

C

__Queen  

Danaus gilippus

A

__Soldier 

Danaus eresimus

U

__Tiger Mimic-Queen  

Lycorea halia

H

__Heliconoid TiclearMelinaea lilisH
__Klug's Clearwing Dircenna klugiiH
__Broad-tipped ClearwingPteronymia cotyttoH
__Thick-tipped GretaGreta morgane H

   Heliconians and Fritillaries Subfamily Heliconiinae

__Mexican Silverspot  

Dione moneta

R

__Gulf Fritillary 

Agraulis vanillae

A

__Julia Heliconian 

Dryas iulia

U

__Banded Orange Heliconian 

Dryadula phaetusa

X

__Isabella's Heliconian 

Eueides isabella

R

__Zebra Heliconian 

Heliconius charithonia

U

__Erato Heliconian 

Heliconius erato

R

__Variegated Fritillary 

Euptoieta claudia

A

__Mexican Fritillary 

Euptoieta hegesia

O

   True Brush-foots Subfamily Nymphalinae

__Theona Checkerspot  

Chlosyne theona

U

__Bordered Patch 

Chlosyne lacinia

C

__Definite Patch 

Chlosyne definita

O

__Banded Patch  

Chlosyne endeis

R

__Crimson Patch 

Chlosyne janais

R

__Medial PatchChlosyne eumedaH

__Rosita Patch  

Chlosyne rosita

R

__Red-spotted Patch 

Chlosyne melitaeoides

H

__Elf 

Microtia elva

X

__Tiny Checkerspot 

Dymasia dymas

H

__Elada Checkerspot 

Texola elada

C

__Vesta Crescent 

Phyciodes graphica (!)

C

__Phaon Crescent 

Phyciodes phaon

C

Phyciodes pallescensH

__Pearl Crescent 

Phyciodes tharos

C

__Pale-banded Crescent 

Anthanassa tulcis

R

__Texan Crescent 

Anthanassa texana

C

__Black Crescent 

Anthanassa ptolyca

X

__Chestnut Crescent 

Anthanassa argentea

R

__Black-bordered Tegosa

Tegosa anieta

H

__Mimic

Hypolimnas misippus

H

__Common Buckeye 

Junonia coenia

U

__Tropical Buckeye 

Junonia evarete

O

__Pale Crescent 

    form nigrosuffusa

U

__Mangrove Buckeye 

Junonia genoveva

R

__White Peacock 

Anartia jatrophae

C

__Banded Peacock 

Anartia fatima

R

__Malachite 

Siproeta stelenes

O

__Rusty-tipped Page 

Siproeta epaphus

H

__Question Mark 

Polygonia interrogationis

U

__Mourning Cloak 

Nymphalis antiopa

H

__Red Admiral 

Vanessa atalanta

C

__Painted Lady 

Vanessa cardui

C

__West Coast Lady

Vanessa annabella

H

__American Lady 

Vanessa virginiensis

C

__Orange Mapwing 

Hypanartia lethe

H

__Orion Cecropian

Historis odius

H

__Blomfild's Beauty 

Smyrna blomfildia

R

   Admirals and Relatives Subfamily Limenitidinae

__Red-spotted Purple 

Limenitis arthemis astyanax

R

__Viceroy 

Limenitis archippus

R

__California Sister 

Adelpha bredowii

H

__Band-celled Sister 

Adelpha fessonia

R

__Spot-celled Sister 

Adelpha basiloides

H

__Many-banded Daggerwing 

Marpesia chiron

R

__Ruddy Daggerwing 

Marpesia petreus

O

__Waiter Daggerwing 

Marpesia zerynthia

X

   Tropical Brushfoots Subfamily Biblidinae

__Red Rim 

Biblis hyperia

R

__Common Mestra 

Mestra amymone

C

__Dingy Purplewing 

Eunica monima

R

__Florida Purplewing 

Eunica tatila

R

__Mexican Bluewing 

Myscelia ethusa

U

__Blackened Bluewing 

Myscelia cyananthe

H

__Blue-eyed Sailor 

Dynamine dyonis

R

__Four-spotted SailorDynamine postverta H

__Eighty-eight 

Diaethria species

H

__Orange BannerTemenis laothoeH

__Common Banner 

Epiphile adrasta

R

__Gray Cracker 

Hamadryas februa

O

__Glaucous Cracker Hamadryas glauconomeH

__Variable Cracker 

Hamadryas feronia

X

__Guatemalan Cracker 

Hamadryas guatemalena

R

__Brownish Cracker 

Hamadryas iphthime

X

__Red Cracker 

Hamadryas amphinome

X

   Leafwings Subfamily Charaxinae

__Tropical Leafwing 

Anaea aidea

C

__Goatweed Leafwing 

Anaea andria

C

__Guatemalan Leafwing Memphis forreriH

__Angled Leafwing  

Memphis glycerium

X

__Pale-spotted Leafwing  

Memphis pithyusa

R

__Chestnut Leafwing 

Memphis echemus

H

__One-spotted Prepona Archaeoprepona demophonH

   Emperors Subfamily Apaturinae

__Hackberry Emperor 

Asterocampa celtis

U

__Empress Leilia 

Asterocampa leilia

C

__Tawny Emperor  

Asterocampa clyton

A

__Silver Emperor 

Doxocopa laure

R

__Pavon Emperor 

Doxocopa pavon

R

   Satyrs Subfamily Satyrinae

__Gemmed Satyr  

Cyllopsis gemma

C

__Carolina Satyr 

Hermeuptychia sosybius

A


Skippers - Family Hesperiidae

   Spread-wing Skippers Subfamily Pyrginae

__Jade Beamer Phocides urania H

__Guava Skipper 

Phocides polybius

O

__Beautiful Beamer Phocides belus H

__Mercurial Skipper 

Proteides mercurius

R

__Silver-spotted Skipper Epargyreus clarus H

__Broken Silverdrop 

Epargyreus exadeus

X

__Hammock Skipper 

Polygonus leo

R

__Manuel's Skipper 

Polygonus savigny

H

__White-striped Longtail 

Chioides albofasciatus

U

__Zilpa Longtail 

Chioides zilpa

O

__Gold-spotted Aguna 

Aguna asander

O

__Emerald Aguna 

Aguna claxon

R

__Tailed Aguna 

Aguna metophis

R

__Mottled Longtail 

Typhedanus undulatus

H

__Eight-spotted Longtail 

Polythrix octomaculata

R

__Mexican Longtail 

Polythrix mexicanus

X

__White-crescent Longtail 

Codatractus alcaeus

X

__Long-tailed Skipper 

Urbanus proteus

U

__Double-striped Longtail

Urbanus belli

X

__Pronus Longtail 

Urbanus pronus

X

__Esmeralda Longtail 

Urbanus esmeraldus

X

__Turquoise Longtail Urbanus evona  H

__Dorantes Longtail 

Urbanus dorantes

U

__Teleus Longtail 

Urbanus teleus

U

__Tanna Longtail 

Urbanus tanna

X

__Plain Longtail 

Urbanus simplicius

X

__Brown Longtail 

Urbanus procne

U

__White-tailed Longtail 

Urbanus doryssus

R

__Two-barred Flasher 

Astraptes fulgerator

U

__Small-spotted Flasher 

Astraptes egregius

X

__Frosted Flasher 

Astraptes alardus

X

__Gilbert's Flasher 

Astraptes alector

R

__Yellow-tipped Flasher 

Astraptes anaphus

R

__Skinner's Cloudywing 

Achalarus albociliatus

H

__Coyote Cloudywing 

Achalarus toxeus

U

__Jalapus Cloudywing 

Thessia jalapus

H

__Northern Cloudywing Thorybes pylades H

__Potrillo Skipper 

Cabares potrillo

U

__Fritzgaertner's Flat 

Celaenorrhinus fritzgaertneri

X

__Stallings' Flat 

Celaenorrhinus stallingsi

R

__Falcate Skipper 

Spathilepia clonius

R

__Acacia Skipper 

Cogia hippalus

X

__Outis Skipper Cogia outis H

__Mimosa Skipper 

Cogia calchas

C

__Starred Skipper 

Arteurotia tractipennis

X

__Purplish-black Skipper 

Nisoniades rubescens

X

__Glazed Pellicia 

Pellicia arina

O

__Morning Glory Pellicia 

Pellicia dimidiata

H

__Red-studded Skipper

Noctuana stator

X

__Mottled Bolla 

Bolla clytius

R

__Obscure Bolla 

Bolla brennus

H

__Golden-headed Scallopwing 

Staphylus ceos

R

__Mazans Scallopwing 

Staphylus mazans

C

__Hayhurst's Scallopwing  Staphylus hayhurstii H

__Variegated Skipper 

Gorgythion begga

X

__Blue-studded Skipper 

Sostrata nordica

X

__Hoary Skipper 

Carrhenes canescens

R

__Glassy-winged Skipper 

Xenophanes tryxus

R

__Dusted SpurwingAntigonus erosusH

__Texas Powdered-Skipper 

Systasea pulverulenta

O

__Sickle-winged Skipper 

Eantis tamenund

A

__Pale Sicklewing        Achlyodes pallida R

__Hermit Skipper 

Grais stigmaticus

R

__Brown-banded Skipper 

Timochares ruptifasciata

O

__Common Bluevent Anastrus sempiternus  H

__White-patched Skipper 

Chiomara georgina

U

__False Duskywing 

Gesta invisus

H

__Horace's Duskywing 

Erynnis horatius

H

__Mournful Duskywing 

Erynnis tristis

R

__Funereal Duskywing 

Erynnis funeralis

C

__Common Checkered-Skipper  Pyrgus communis R
__White Checkered-Skipper Pyrgus albescens C

__Tropical Checkered-Skipper 

Pyrgus oileus

A

__Desert Checkered-Skipper 

Pyrgus philetas

O

__Erichson's White-Skipper 

Heliopyrgus domicella

R

__East-Mexican White-SkipperHeliopyrgus sublineaR

__Laviana White-Skipper 

Heliopetes laviana

C

__Turk's-cap White-Skipper 

Heliopetes macaira

U

__Veined White-Skipper 

Heliopetes arsalte

H

__Common Streaky-Skipper 

Celotes nessus

O

__Common Sootywing 

Pholisora catullus

U

__Mexican Sootywing Pholisora mejicanus H

__Saltbush Sootywing 

Hesperopsis alpheus

H

   Skipperlings Subfamily Heteropterinae

__Small-spotted Skipperling 

Piruna penaea

H

   Grass Skippers Subfamily Hesperiinae

__Malicious Skipper 

Synapte pecta

R

__Salenus Skipper 

Synapte salenus

X

__Redundant Skipper 

Corticea corticea

R

__Pale-rayed Skipper 

Vidius perigenes

H

__Violet-patched Skipper 

Monca crispinus

R

__Swarthy Skipper Nastra lherminier H

__Julia's Skipper 

Nastra julia

O

__Fawn-spotted Skipper 

Cymaenes trebius

U

__Clouded Skipper 

Lerema accius

A

__Liris Skipper 

Lerema liris

X

__Fantastic Skipper 

Vettius fantasos

X

__Green-backed Ruby-eye 

Perichares philetes

R

__Osca Skipper 

Rhinthon osca

X

__Double-dotted Skipper 

Decinea percosius

O

__Hidden-ray Skipper 

Conga chydaea

X

__Least Skipper 

Ancyloxypha numitor

R

__Tropical Least Skipper 

Ancyloxypha arene

H

__Orange Skipperling 

Copaeodes aurantiaca

U

__Southern Skipperling 

Copaeodes minima

U

__Fiery Skipper

Hylephila phyleus

A

__Sachem

Atalopedes campestris

A

__Whirlabout 

Polites vibex

A

__Southern Broken-Dash 

Wallengrenia otho

C

__Delaware Skipper 

Anatrytone logan

H

__Glowing Skipper Anatrytone mazai H

__Common Mellana 

Quasimellana eulogius

O

__Dun Skipper 

Euphyes vestris

U

__Nysa Roadside-Skipper 

Amblyscirtes nysa

U

__Dotted Road-Skipper Amblyscirtes eos R

__Celia's Roadside-Skipper 

Amblyscirtes celia

C

__Eufala Skipper 

Lerodea eufala

C

__Violet-clouded Skipper 

Lerodea arabus

R

__Greenish Brown-SkipperMnasilus allubitaH

__Brazilian Skipper 

Calpodes ethlius

U

__Obscure Skipper 

Panoquina panoquinoides

U

__Ocola Skipper 

Panoquina ocola

C

__Hecebolus Skipper 

Panoquina hecebolus

R

__Purple-washed Skipper 

Panoquina lucas

U

__Evans' Skipper 

Panoquina evansi

R

__Violet-banded Skipper 

Nyctelius nyctelius

U

__Chestnut-marked Skipper 

Thespieus macareus

X

     Tribe incertae sedis

__Yucca Giant-Skipper 

Megathymus yuccae

H

__Manfreda Giant-Skipper 

Stallingsia maculosus

H

Excluded Species

__Smudged Hairstreak Rekoa stagira

__Karwinski's Beauty 

Smyrna karwinskii

__Common Morpho

Morpho helenor

__Orange Owlet

Opisphantes boisduvallii

__Confused Pellicia 

Pellicia angra

__Large Mellana

Quasimellana mexicana


11 Mar 2011  Mike Quinnmike.quinn@tpwd.state.tx.us / Texas Entomology