Texas Beetle Information

Return to Texas Entomology - Compiled by Mike Quinn


Huisache Girdler

Oncideres pustulata LeConte, 1854

Family Cerambycidae, Subfamily Lamiinae, Tribe Onciderini


cf. O. rhodosticta

Oncideres pustulata LeConte, 1854

(Hosting on Tepeguaje - Leucaena lveruienta - Mimosaceae, Mimosa Family)

Santa Ana NWR, Alamo, Hidalgo Co., TX
1997 (M Quinn)


Range: Texas to Nuevo Leon, (and Tamaulipas?)

Adult Activity: March-November

Primary host plants:

Biology:

The pecan girdler (Oncideres cingulata), found throughout Texas except for the Trans-Pecos region, attacks and girdles a wide range of deciduous trees. The preferred hosts include pecan, persimmon, hickory, walnut, red oak, hackberry, elm, mesquite, huisache, tepeguaje, mimosa, retama, Texas ebony, citrus and various fruit trees. 

The huisache girdler (Oncideres pustulata) inhabits the Gulf Coastal Prairie, South Texas and the Lower Rio Grande Valley regions. It confines its attack primarily to huisache, tepeguaje and mimosa but will also girdle mesquite, retama, Texas ebony and citrus. 

The mesquite girdler (Oncideres rhodosticta) can be found in the southern Rolling Plains and the Trans- Pecos regions. As the name implies, this beetle prefers the limbs of mesquite but will also girdle several species of acacia.

Source

Similar species:  

Monné & Hovore (2005) list over 100 species of Oncideres. Four species of Oncideres occur north of Mexico.

Texas Taxa:

Oncideres cingulata cingulata (Say) 
Oncideres cingulata texana
Horn
Oncideres pustulata
LeConte 
Oncideres rhodosticta
Bates 

Weblinks:

References:

Arnett, R.H., Jr., M.C. Thomas, P.E. Skelley & J.H. Frank. (editors). 2002. American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea. CRC Press. 861 pp.

Ansley, R.J., C.H. Meadors & P.W. Jacoby. 1990. Preferential attraction of the twig girdler, Oncideres cingulata texana Horn, to moisture-stressed mesquite. Southwestern Entomologist 15: 469-474.

Bilsing, S.W. 1916. Life history of the pecan twig girdler. J. Econ. Entomol. 9: 110-115.

Burke, H.R., J.A. Jackman, & M. Rose. 1994. Insects Associated with Woody Ornamental Plants. EEE - 00019. Texas A&M University, College Station. pp 1-166.

Felker, P., Reyes, I. & Smith, D. 1983. Twig girdler (Oncideres spp.) damage to Acacia, Albizia, Leucaena and Prosopis in the new world. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports1, 44.

Hanks, L.M. 1999. Influence of the larval host plant on reproductive strategies of cerambycid beetles. Annual Review of Entomology 44: 483-505.

High, M.M. 1915. The huisache girdler. USDA Bull. 184.

Hovore, F.T. & R.L. Penrose 1982. Notes on Cerambycidae coinhabiting girdles of Oncideres pustulata LeConte. Southwestern Naturalist, 27(1): 23 - 27.

Hovore, F.T., R.L. Penrose & R.W. Neck. 1987. The Cerambycidae, or longhorned beetles, of southern Texas: a faunal survey (Coleoptera). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 44(13): 283-334, 20 figs.

Kennedy, H.E., Jr., Solomon, J.D., & Krinard, R.M. 1981. Twig Girdler, Oncideres Cingulata (Say), Attacks Terminals of Plantation-managed Pecans. USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Research Note SO-263

Linsley, E.G. 1940. Notes on Oncideres twig girdlers. J. Econ. Entomol., 33(3):561-563.

Linsley E.G. & Chemsak J.A. 1984. Cerambycidae of North America. Part VII, No. 1. Taxonomy and Classification of the Subfamily Lamiinae, Tribes Parmenini through Acanthoderini. University of California Press, Berkeley. 102: 1-258.

Matheny, W.A. 1909. The Twig Girdler The Ohio Naturalist 10(1): 1-7.

Monné, M.A. & F.T. Hovore. 2005. Electronic Checklist of the Cerambycidae of the Western Hemisphere. 393 pp.

Neck, R.W. 1988. Utilization of Australian pine (Casuarina glauca) as a larval foodplant by Oncideres pustulatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in deep southern Texas. The Coleopterists Bulletin, 42(1): 84-86. 

Noguera, F.A. 1993. Revisión taxonómica del genero Oncideres Serville en Mexico. Folia Entomol. Mex., 88:9-60, 6 figs.

Noguera, F.A., S. Zaragoza-Caballero, J.A. Chemsak, A. Rodriguez-Palafox, E. Ramirez, E. Gonzalez-Soriano, and R. Ayala, R. 2002 Diversity of the family Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of the tropical dry forest of Mexico. I. Sierra de Huautla, Morelos. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 95: 617-627.

Rice, M.E. 1986. Winter mortality of Oncideres pustulatus LeConte (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) larvae induced by freezing temperatures. J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 59: 423-427.

Rice, M.E. 1989. Branch girdling and oviposition biology of Oncideres pustulatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) on Acacia farnesiana. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 82: 181-186.

Rice, M.E. 1995. Branch girdling by Oncideres cingulata (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) and relative host quality of persimmon, hickory, and elm. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 88: 451-455.

Rodríguez-del-Bosque, L.A. 2004. An outbreak of Oncideres pustulata (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in northern Tamaulipas, Mexico: Damage, distribution, and host plants. Southwestern Entomologist 29: 309-311.

Solomon, J.D. 1995. Guide to insect borers of North American broadleaf trees and shrubs. Agric. USDA Forest Service Handbook #706, 735 pp

White, R.E. 1983. A Field Guide to the Beetles of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 368 pp.


01 Dec 2008  © Mike Quinn / Texas Entomology / Texas Beetle Information