Texas Beetle Information

Return to Texas Entomology - Compiled by Mike Quinn


Texas Ironclad Beetle 

Zopherus nodulosus haldemani Horn

Superfamily Tenebrionoidea, Family Zopheridae, Subfamily Zopherinae


 

Hope, Lavaca County, Texas
August 19, 2006 (Jim Campbell)

 Zopherus nodulosus haldemani Horn - Zopherus nodulosus Zopherus nodulosus haldemani Horn - Zopherus nodulosus Zopherus nodulosus haldemani Horn - Zopherus nodulosus Zopherus nodulosus haldemani Horn - Zopherus nodulosus

Texas County Records for Zopherus nodulosus haldemani

(Plus Bee, Bosque, Burleson, Burnet, Dallas, Ellis, Hood, Menard, Kendall, Kimble, Parker, Palo Pinto & Tarrant Counties)

Primary County Record Source: E.G. Riley, Dec. 2005


Range: East-Central Texas. 

Adult Activity: Starts as early as March 8 in Austin (pers. observ.) and continues as late as October.

Biology

Adults, larvae, and pupae were once found on a Pecan tree (Taber & Fleenor, 2003). Adults have also been collected on dead Oak trees. Taber & Fleenor (2005) saw several mating pairs on an American Elm. The females appeared to be laying eggs in the bark's crevices.

Similar Species:  

Triplehorn (1972) recognized a total of 19 species on Zopherus, all from the Americas, ranging from Venezuela north to the southwestern United States. Ten species occur across the southwestern United States, though none resemble Z. nodulosus.

Texas Taxa:

Zopherus concolor LeConte 
Zopherus nodulosus haldemani
Horn
Zopherus xestus
Triplehorn 

Websites:

"Ironclad" Beetle - TAMU

Photos:

Photo - Curt Williams

Darken individual - BugGuide.net

Head shot - BugGuide.net

Animated Video - Logo - Southwestern Entomologists

Jeweled Zopherus chilensis - Beetles are occasionally employed as 'living jewelry' in Mexico - University of Michigan

Etymology:

Zopherus nodulosus haldemani Horn

zopher (G). Dusky, gloomy; darkness
nodulus (L). A little knot
haldemani = patronym, see biography 

Biography

Samuel Stehman Haldeman (1812 – 1880) - Wikipedia
Horace Haldeman (1820 – 1883) - Horace R. Burke, Handbook of Texas

Horace Haldeman was one of the first persons to concentrate on collecting insects in Texas. He sent his specimens, mostly beetles, to his entomologist brother, Samuel S. Haldeman, and a noted coleopterist, John L. LeConte, for description.

George Henry Horn (1840-1897) - Wikipedia

References:

Arnett, R.H., Jr., M.C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J.H. Frank. (editors). 2002. American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL. xiv + 861 pp.

Borror, D.J. 1960. Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms. National Press Books, Palo Alto. v + 134 pp.

Burke, H.R. 1976. The beetle Zopherus nodulosus haldemani Symbol of the Southwestern Entomological Society. Southwestern Entomologist 1:105-106.

Burke, H.R. 1977. Horace Haldeman, Early Insect Collector in Texas. Melsheimer Entomological Series No. 22: 1-6.

Taber, S.W. & S.B. Fleenor. 2003. Insects of the Texas Lost Pines. Texas A&M University, College Station. 283 pp.

Taber, S.W. & S.B. Fleenor. 2005. Invertebrates of Central Texas Wetlands. Texas Tech University Press, Lubbock. 309 pp.

Triplehorn, C.A. 1972. A Review of the Genus Zopherus of the World (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 108:1-24.


Dec. 07, 2011   Mike Quinn / entomike@gmail.com / Texas Entomology / Texas Beetles / Texas Beetle Photos